Eternal Covenant Chapter 8

Preaching the Word of God

God’s Man …Chapter 8….. God’s Covenant

“I have found a man after mine own heart because he will do my will”.

After God had removed Saul as king, He raised up David as king. God said the above of David. Although David stumbled and was involved in some terrible sins, he repented and God blessed him with a major promise (Covenant revelation), which we will discuss in this chapter.

In our study of God’s covenant, we have seen that God is the faithful God. One that keeps his covenant for a thousand generations. The Bible consistently shows us that God is faithful and constantly loves those who are faithful in return. Jesus says you are my friends if you do as I command. Our obedience is a sign of our faithfulness.

As we look at God’s Covenant revelation through David. We will see that David was faithful. God said, I have agreed with David, I have made the promise to him that his seed will sit on my throne as king from now until eternity. The promise that a “seed” of David to sit on God’s throne forever is the continuation of the promised SEED made to Eve, Abraham, and Judah. God went on to say, that this throne is founded on the foundations of righteousness and justice.

In the study of God’s covenant, we have consistently seen that the covenant is based on God’s character of faithfulness to His promises and God’s requirement of man’s faithfulness in return. God’s covenant has a promissory (what God will do) and an obligatory (what man must do) portion. This has been true with each progressive revelation of God’s covenant.

There are several references to God’s “Everlasting Covenant”. God tells Noah “I will remember my everlasting covenant between Me and every living creature upon the earth.” Later speaking to Abraham God says, “I will establish my covenant with you and your seed as an ‘everlasting covenant. I will be a God unto you. “

And now to David, we find God saying to David that He has made an “everlasting covenant.” In Ezekiel, we find a prophecy of the fulfillment of this “everlasting covenant” as God gives a picture of what John states will come to be in the book of Revelation. In Ezekiel God says, “I will make an everlasting covenant, I will place them in a specific place (New Jerusalem), I will multiply them, and I will set my sanctuary (dwell) among them for eternity”. This seems to be fulfilled when Christ comes for His bride, the church.

The book of Hebrews states that this everlasting covenant is initiated by the blood of Jesus. This fulfills God’s promise to David since Jesus is the descendent of David, the “Son of David” in the flesh. When Jesus is referred to as the son of David, it is indicating that He is the promised Messiah.

God’s Promise

God’s promises to David were not new. It was just an additional revelation to the promise God had made earlier. After Adam’s sin (the fall), God had promised Satan that a “Seed” of Eve would crush Satan’s head. This promise was repeated to Abraham. God had promised Abraham that his “Seed” would bless all the nations of the world. Paul says, this promised seed to Abraham was not seeds, as many, but as one Seed, which is Christ.

Gal 3:16 Now to Abraham and his seed were the promises made. He saith not, And to seeds, as of many; but as of one, And to thy seed, which is Christ.

David had desired to build a house (temple) for God. God responded to David’s desire by telling him that he could not build the temple, but to make all the preparations and that Solomon would build the temple. God indicated that Solomon would build the physical house for God and that God would build a spiritual house through David. God said that a descendent of David would sit on the throne forever. We now know that promise was Christ. God promises David that He would build a house for David, a dynasty of kings! He tells David when you die, I will raise up one of your descendants, and I will make his kingdom strong. He is the one who will build a house, a temple for My name.

God tells David that His unfailing love will not be taken from David’s descendants as I took it from Saul, whom I removed before you. Your dynasty and your kingdom will continue for all time before me, and your throne will be secure forever. As we understand God’s Word we see that this seed is not Solomon but Jesus Christ, Who builds a spiritual kingdom for eternity.

Not only was the “Seed” promise fulfilled in Christ, but Christ also fulfilled the “Scepter” promise to the tribe of Judah. The Bible states that the scepter will not depart from Judah, nor the ruler’s staff until the one comes to whom it belongs, and to that One the people will obey. In the book of Revelation we find, weep not for the root of David and the lion from the tribe of Judah has prevailed to open the book and to loosen the seven seals.

We find at Jesus’ coming birth announcement the angel says to Mary, fear not you have found favor with God and you will give birth to a son. You shall give him the name of Jesus. He will be great and will be called the “Son of the Most High” and He will be given the throne of His father David. He will reign over the house of Jacob forever.

Not only was Jesus called the “son of David” at birth, but he was also referred to as the “son of David” as He entered Jerusalem on that Sunday before His crucifixion. It was not for David to build a physical house (temple) for God, that would be left for Solomon to do. But God granted David a greater privilege that was from David’s seed would come to the promised Messiah, the one to establish the everlasting covenant.

God’s Requirements

God desires that we have a heart for Him. Jesus said that the greatest commandment was to love God with a whole heart, mind, and soul.

The Bible says David was a man after God’s heart. In Acts we find that to mean, David, desired to fulfill (be obedient) the will of God. We are to be like David and have a heart for God. David had decided to be obedient to God. David had faith in God!

Hebrews chapter eleven is known as the hall of faith. Not only does it include a good definition of faith, but it also gives us many examples of people of faith. The Bible says, it is impossible to please God without faith and that faith is believing that God is and that He rewards all of us that seek Him.

The Bible is a progressive revelation of God and what He requires of man, His covenant relationship. James says that “faith without works is dead”. Jesus tells the parable of the “Sheep and Goats” that demonstrates that good works flow out of the covenant relationship with God through Christ. Ephesians states “it is by grace through faith that one is saved and that he is saved unto good works God has planned for him.”

Eph 2:8-10 For by grace are ye saved through faith; and that not of yourselves: it is the gift of God: [9] Not of works, lest any man should boast. [10] For we are his workmanship, created in Christ Jesus unto good works, which God hath before ordained that we should walk in them.

The song “Trust and Obey” gives us a good summary of what God requires of man! Faith in Christ’s work on the cross is necessary for justification. Obedience is required for sanctification. We must conclude Joshua when he says, for me and my house we will serve the Lord

As we read the hall of faith in Hebrews the common element is obedience; by faith, Noah built an ark. He obeyed God, by faith that Abraham obeyed when God called him he lived there by faith, for he was like a foreigner, living in a tent he was confidently looking forward to a city with eternal foundations, a city designed and built by God. Abraham was looking for a better place, a heavenly homeland. That is why God is not ashamed to be called their God, for he has prepared a heavenly city for them by faith that Abraham offered Isaac as a sacrifice when God was testing him. Abraham assumed that if Isaac died, God was able to bring him back to life again. It was by faith that Moses commanded the people of Israel to keep the Passover and to sprinkle blood on the doorposts so that the angel of death would not kill their firstborn sons.

David was a man after God’s own heart because he did God’s will. You cannot separate Biblical faith from obedience! David was a doer of god’s word and not a hearer only. In other words, David was a man of faith. David had faith. He believed in God. He knew God existed and he sought Him. He believed in God’s word. By faith defeated Goliath, “Battle not mine it is the Lord’s”! David knew God’s Word! David sought God’s face and was obedient to His will!

Blessed are they whose ways are blameless, who walk according to the law of the Lord. Blessed are they who keep his statutes and seek him with all their heart. Thy word have I hid in mine heart, that I might not sin against thee. Thy word is a lamp unto my feet, and a light unto my path.

Because David did that which was right in the eyes of the Lord and turned not aside from anything that he commanded him all the days of his life, save only in the matter of Uriah the Hittite. But even David failed. Yes, even David failed to keep the Covenant of Works! All are like sheep and have gone astray. All fall short of the glory of God. This demonstrates the purpose of the Law, which is a schoolmaster to point us to the need of Christ. Romans chapter four uses David and Abraham as examples to show that both of them were saved by faith, not works.

The Bible tells us that all have sinned and the wages of sin is death. Therefore all are under the judgment of death and cannot save ourselves. Yet while we were yet sinners under the punishment of death Jesus came and died that we might have a life! This is God’s provision of grace.

When we repent and accept this grace by faith, we become children of God and are covered by Christ’s blood that was shed on the cross. He is our Passover. He paid our sin penalty! We receive the blessings of the “Everlasting Covenant.”

The Bible says, through the offense of one many be dead, much more the grace of God, and the gift by grace, which is by one man, Jesus Christ, hath abounded unto many by the offense of one judgment came upon all men to condemnation; even so by the righteousness of one, the free gift came upon all men unto justification of life. That as sin hath reigned unto death, even so, might grace reign through righteousness unto eternal life by Jesus Christ our Lord. Through the above Scripture, we see God’s Word indicating the connection between God’s revelation of His covenant requirements through Adam and Christ.

David’s life should be such an example to us. We learn a lot about God and how He deals with man from both David’s failures and his successes. God looks at our hearts.

God looks at the heart

As we study the life of David we can get a glimpse of what God means we He says that He looks at a person’s heart. The Bible says man looks at the exterior, but God looks at the heart. Paul also says that it is not the circumcised flesh (exterior/Israel) but the circumcised heart (interior/church) where the Law of God is written on the heart. We get examples of what this means in David’s life as he responds to God. When David fails to be faithful, he repents and cries out to God for forgiveness.

In Psalms 51 and 32 we find how David responded when Nathan the prophet came unto him after he had gone into Bathsheba. David cries out to God, “Have mercy upon me, O God, according to thy lovingkindness: according unto the multitude of thy tender mercies blot out my transgressions. Wash me thoroughly from mine iniquity, and cleanse me from my sin. For I acknowledge my transgressions: and my sin is ever before me.” This was only a part of David’s plea to God for forgiveness.

The Bible says David acknowledges his sin and God forgives him. Then David praises God by saying, Blessed is he whose transgression is forgiven, whose sin is covered. Blessed is the man unto whom the Lord imputed not iniquity, and in whose spirit there is no guile. David was a man of prayer and he said to God, “with my whole heart I have sought you. Oh let me wander not from your commandments.” David sought the Lord and the Lord made Himself known to David. David says “I foresaw the Lord always before my face, for he is on my right hand, that I should not be moved:”

Jesus said if you seek me I can be found. The Lord pours most in one who is empty of himself! God’s word says, unto my servant David, “saith the Lord of hosts, I took thee from being a shepherd to ruler over my people, over Israel: I was with thee whithersoever thou wentest, cut off all thine enemies out of thy sight, and have made thy name great.”

In Psalm 23 David summarizes Who God is and what He has done! As a believer, we can make the same statements as David. “The Lord is my Shepherd, and I shall not want!”

Also in the book of Acts God says the following about David, “I have found David the [son] of Jesse, a man after mine own heart, which shall fulfill all my will.” Can God say the same about us?

This series of lessons on God’s Everlasting (Eternal) Covenant were written about 15 years ago. In recent years a new theological concept named “Progressive Covenantalism” looks at this subject through a different but related set of lens.

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