What is Theology?

The word “theology” comes from two Greek words that combined mean “the study of God.”   Below is an introduction to four different accepted schools of theology, each resulting in different interpretations of major Christian doctrines .

What is Biblical Theology?

Biblical theology is simply an attempt to understand God as He is revealed in the Bible. Biblical theology is an approach in which the theologian studies the Bible from the perspective of understanding the progressive history of God revealing Himself to humanity following the Fall and throughout the Old Testament and New Testament. It particularly focuses on the progression of revelation in order to understand how each part of the Bible ultimately points forward to fulfillment in the life mission of Jesus Christ. Most biblical theologians start their work with the assumption of essential biblical unity.

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What is Dispensational Theology?

Dispensationalism is a method of Biblical interpretation that understands God to have related to human beings in different ways under different Biblical covenants in a series of “dispensations,” or periods in history.

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“What is systematic theology?”

“Systematic” refers to something being put into a system. Systematic theology is, therefore, the division of theology into systems that explain its various areas. For example, many books of the Bible give information about the angels. No one book gives all the information about the faith. Systematic theology takes all the information about faith from all the books of the Bible and organizes it into a system. That is what systematic theology is all about, which is organizing the teachings of the Bible into categorical systems.

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What is Covenant Theology?

Covenant Theology holds that God has one people (true) Israel (spiritual decedents of Abraham) and the promises to Israel made in the Old Testament were fulfilled in Jesus Christ, the new Israel (elect/chosen/church), and the object of Abraham’s hope. Dispensationalists have often criticized Covenant Theology as being identical with what they call “Replacement Theology” or Supersessionism. Supersessionism is the concept that the Church has replaced Israel. However, in Covenant Theology, the church is not a replacement for the nation of Israel but an expansion of it where Gentiles are “grafted into” the existing covenant community. Jewish Christians are included in the spiritual Israel.

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